Official Lyrics of O Canada!

O Canada!
Our home and native land!
True patriot love in all thy sons command.

With glowing hearts we see thee rise,
The True North strong and free!

From far and wide,
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.

God keep our land glorious and free!
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.

O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.


The citizenship test

If you are preparing for the citizenship test, study CIC’s official study guide – Discover Canadawhich is provided for free. If you use any other publications, you do so at your own risk. Find out more.

Who has to take the citizenship test

You must take the citizenship test if

You may also have to take the test if you are applying to retain your citizenship.

About the test

The test is usually written, but you may be asked to come to an interview with a citizenship judge.

The test evaluates two things:

  1. your knowledge of Canada and
  2. your language abilities.

1. Your knowledge of Canada

You will be asked questions on subjects such as:

2. Your language abilities

The citizenship knowledge test and your interaction with CIC staff will be used to assess if you have an adequate ability to communicate in either English or French. CIC staff will observe

For example, as part of your interaction with departmental staff or as part of your written test or your interview with a citizenship judge, you will be expected to:

Getting ready for the test

The questions in the citizenship test are based on the information in our free study guide Discover Canada: The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship. We will send you a copy of the study guide once we have received your application for citizenship.

Start studying for the test as soon as you receive your copy of the study guide. You can also take a look at the sample study guide questions to help you prepare for the test.

Your test date

We will send you a notice giving you the time and date for your test.

Your test may be written or oral. We decide whether your test will be written or oral based on a number of factors. For example, if you have trouble reading and writing in English or French, you will have an oral test.

Oral tests are done through an interview with a citizenship judge.

When you come for your written or oral test bring the following documents with you:

After the test

If you pass the test and the citizenship judge determines that you meet all the other requirements for citizenship, you will be invited to a citizenship ceremony. During that ceremony, you will take the oath of citizenship and receive a certificate of Canadian citizenship.

If you do not pass the written test, we will send you a notice telling you to appear for an interview (30‑90 minutes) with a citizenship judge. At that interview, the judge will ask you the test questions orally to give you another opportunity to demonstrate that you meet all the requirements of citizenship (including knowledge and language).